Learn these 5 techniques on Assertive to Interrogative sentence transformation and change English sentences both from assertive to interrogative and interrogative to assertive forms as a part of Transformation of Sentences in English Grammar. These techniques are discussed and explained here one by one with practical examples and usages. So, after going through this advanced grammatical lesson, you can change sentences successfully in your academic or non-academic exams.
But first of all, i would like to tell you about the characteristics of assertive to interrogative transformation in English language which is quite interesting. In transformation of sentences, you can only change the structure of a sentence but not the meaning.
There is another one similar lesson here Affirmative to Negative Transformation where you can see similar logic in case of transformation. So, you must always remember the ground rule that you have to change the structures of sentences in transformation but the meaning and sense of the sentences should be intact and same even after changing their forms.
Structures of Assertive & Interrogative Sentences
Before going to assertive to interrogative transformation techniques, we should learn about the nature and basic structure of changing assertive to interrogative sentences in English language. Here is the definition and structures of both Assertive and Interrogative sentences. Try to study their patterns and expressions attentively.
What is Assertive Sentence?
Assertive sentence means the sentences which are used to describe any general action, event, speech, or expression of our daily life. It may be both in affirmative (positive sense) and negative (negative sense) form. So, both affirmative and negative sentences are categorized under assertive sentence.
Structure of Affirmative Sentence: Subject+ verb+ object+ Adjunct
I told him to stay here till I come back.
We do not take old clothes for our business.
What is Interrogative Sentence?
Interrogative sentence means the sentences which are used to ask or inquiry about any daily acts, events, or speeches of our daily life.
Structure of Interrogative Sentence: WH-Q/Auxiliary verb+ subject+ main verb+ object?
Do you study in this college?
When do they play here?
Please note that here in interrogative sentence, the sentence starts with either a WH-Question: (who/ what/ which/ when/ why/ where/ when) or an auxiliary verb: (do/ does/ did/ am/ is/ are/ was/ were/ can/ may/ shall/ will) and after that the subject comes. This is completely different in case of the assertive sentence where a sentence starts with a subject.
But, in case of an interrogative sentence, it will always start with a WH-Question word or an auxiliary verb and there will be a question mark “?” at the end of the sentence.
Now, I hope you have no problem to recognize the assertive and interrogative sentences in English. So, let’s start our main discussion which is transformation of sentences from assertive to interrogative.
Techniques: Assertive to Interrogative Transformation
Most of the English grammar books have a detailed discussion on assertive to interrogative transformation but the problem is that a student get confused with so many rules and variations. So, i have come with these 5 techniques to categorize all of them under a structure. It will help a lot of students learn transformation easily and effectively without any confusion. You will get a chart here based on a few words and phrases which actually make differences in transformation: assertive to interrogative.
A Few Points You Must Consider:
- You cannot change the meaning of sentences
- If the assertive sentence is in affirmative or positive, you have to use negative expression in interrogative and if it is in negative, you will use the affirmative or positive expression in interrogative.
- An interrogative sentence may start with either a wh-question or a verbal question.
- Do not forget to use the interrogation mark (?) at the last of the sentence in interrogative.
- During transforming into interrogative sentence, you have to use the auxiliary verb according to the tense. For an example, in present indefinite tense, the auxiliary verbs are ‘do/does’. In past indefinite tense, it is ‘did’. And in case of all other tenses, the auxiliary verb will be given. You have to just re-write that.
The most interesting fact of this chart is changing sentences from assertive to interrogative even without understanding the meaning of the whole sentences. Though it’s not recommended to change a sentence without understanding its meaning but sometimes it might help us a lot when we face any new words or phrases in a sentence and we don’t know meaning of it. So, i hope now you can understand the advantages of these 5 techniques and the chart.
Chart on Assertive to Interrogative Transformation
General Sentences (Affirmative/ Negative)
(Subject + Verb + Object + Ext.)
(Subject + Aux. verb +not + Main verb + Object + Ext.)
(Aux. verb + Subject + not + Main verb + Object + Ext.?)
(Aux. verb + Subject + Main verb + Object +Ext.?)
(Aux. verb + Subject + ever + Main verb + Object +Ext.?)
(Aux. verb + Subject + anything + Main verb + Object +Ext.?)
|04||Everybody/ Everyone/ All||
Who – Positive
(Who + Aux. verb + not + Main verb + Object +Ext.?)
Nobody/ None/ No one
Who – Negative
(Who + Aux. verb + Main verb + Object +Ext.?)
Note: Aux.v = Auxiliary verb, Main verb = Principal verb, Ext. = Extension
Assertive to Interrogative Sentence Examples
Now here are the examples and explanations on all the techniques of assertive to interrogative transformation step by step. Try to study these examples comparing the techniques given in the chart above. Because examples are the practical field of any theory through which you can observe and learn all the process of transformation of sentences.
Technique: 01 – General sentences (Affirmative/ Negative) … Interrogative
Affirmative: He is a famous player of this country.
Interrogative: Is he not a famous player of this country?
(In case of positive expression)
Negative: We do not play in the sun.
Interrogative: Do we play in the sun?
(In case of negative expression)
Explanation: Here, you only have to place the auxiliary verb at first and then the subject. And, the sentence which is positive is changed into negative and which is in negative is changed into positive. When, there is no certain words such as ‘never, nothing, everybody, nobody, all, none’ in a sentence, that sentence should be considered as general sentence.
Technique: 02 – Never … Ever
Assertive: My brother has never visited India.
Interrogative: Has my brother ever visited India?
Explanation: Here, only the word ‘never’ is changed into ‘ever’ and the rest are in the same structure.
Technique: 03 – Nothing … Anything
Assertive: He has nothing to do in this situation.
Interrogative: Has he anything to do in this situation?
Explanation: Here, only the word ‘nothing’ is changed into ‘anything’ and the rest are in the same structure.
Technique: 04 – Everybody/ Everyone/ All … Who (Positive)
Assertive: Everybody wants to be happy in life.
Interrogative: Who does not want to be happy in life?
Assertive: All were present in the last meeting.
Interrogative: Who were not present in the last meeting?
Explanation: Here, you have to use a WH-Question – ‘who’ in the beginning and the rest parts are in same structure. And ‘Everybody/ Everyone/ All’ are positive in sense so the interrogative structure should be in negative.
Technique: 05 – Nobody/ None/ No One … Who (Negative)
Assertive: Nobody believes a liar in this world.
Interrogative: Who does believe a liar in this world?
Assertive: None has helped him yesterday.
Interrogative: Who has helped him yesterday?
Explanation: Here, you have to use a WH-Question-‘Who’ in the beginning and the rest parts are in same structure. And ‘Nobody/ None/ No one’ are negative in sense so the interrogative structure should be in affirmative.
Conclusion on Affirmative to Interrogative Transformation
So, how do you feel now?
Can you now change a sentence from assertive to interrogative or interrogative to assertive following these 5 techniques? These 5 techniques cover all of the patterns and variations of the Assertive to Interrogative sentence transformation.
You might notice one thing that you don’t need to change all the elements of a sentence during transformation. All you need is to change a few words/phrases in sentences for changing them. There are the rules used for the transformation from assertive to interrogative. So, get on the board and start changing sentences from Assertive to Interrogative following these 5 techniques. Let us know your thoughts about this lesson using the comment box below.